What Does A Flying Squirrel Look Like

Flying squirrels are relatively small in size, with a total length of around 10 inches for their head, body, and tail. They typically weigh anywhere from 2 to 6 ounces. These squirrels have large black eyes and 22 teeth. One distinct feature is the presence of two loose folds of skin between their front and hind legs, which allows them to glide for distances of more than 80 yards.

Northern flying squirrels have soft and rich brown fur. Their underbellies are white at the tips, while the bases are lead-colored near the skin. On the other hand, southern flying squirrels have thick, soft, and glossy fur that ranges from grayish to olive brown. They have white underbellies.

What Does A Flying Squirrel Look Like

Flying Squirrel Identification

Flying squirrel identification can be determined by several key characteristics.

Color: Flying squirrels come in a range of colors, from white to gray to brown, with a pale belly. The specific coloration may vary depending on the species.

Size: The average size of a flying squirrel is approximately 5 ½” to 6 3/8” (14 cm – 16.2 cm) for the head and body, with a tail length of 3 ½” to 4 ½” (8.9 cm – 11.4 cm).

Legs: Flying squirrels have four legs, like most squirrels.

Antennae: Unlike some other types of animals, flying squirrels do not have antennae.

Shape: Flying squirrels have short, thick fur and are known for their bushy tails.

Region: Flying squirrels can be found in various regions, including the eastern United States and Eastern Canada, extending westward to Alaska, southward through Utah, and also southward through California.

Flying Squirrel Habitat

Northern flying squirrels are found in eastern Alaska, the western United States (California, Idaho, Montana, Utah, and northern Wyoming), and in the eastern United States (Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, New York, and New England). They live in coniferous and mixed forests, preferring dead trees with woodpecker holes for nesting, particularly in stumps 6-20 feet high and near the top.

Southern flying squirrels are found throughout the eastern United States, excluding northern New England and the southern tip of Florida, and west to Minnesota, eastern Kansas, and eastern Texas. They inhabit woodlots and forests with broadleaf and evergreen trees. Southern flying squirrels prefer old woodpecker holes as nest sites, but they may also build nests of leaves, twigs, and bark in the summer.

In some cases, they may even use the attics of buildings as nesting sites. During winter, 20 or more southern flying squirrels may den together.

What Does A Flying Squirrel Nest Look Like

Flying squirrel nests can be found in various locations such as woodpecker holes, abandoned animal homes, and nest boxes. These nests are constructed using materials like leaves, moss, lichen, feathers, and shredded bark. They are typically positioned between 8 to 20 feet above the ground. The entrances to these nests are small, measuring approximately 1.5 to 2 inches in width.

What Does Flying Squirrel Poop Look Like

Flying squirrel droppings are easily identifiable. They appear as small, pellet-like droppings that are usually brown or black in color. If the droppings are fresh, they may have a moist texture. Flying squirrels often live in colonies of up to twenty individuals and tend to use a specific area as a latrine, where they exclusively defecate.


Do flying squirrels have any distinctive features?

One of the most distinctive features of a flying squirrel is the presence of the patagia, the membrane that allows them to glide through the air. They also have large, dark eyes to help them see at night.

Do flying squirrels look like other squirrel species?

While flying squirrels are similar in appearance to other squirrels, their unique gliding abilities and distinct physical features set them apart from other squirrel species.

How do flying squirrels differ from other types of squirrels?

Flying squirrels are different from other squirrels in their ability to glide and their nocturnal habits. They also have a distinct appearance, with larger eyes and a furry membrane that sets them apart from their non-gliding counterparts.

Can flying squirrels actually fly?

Flying squirrels cannot truly fly, but they are able to glide through the air using the patagium, or furry membrane, mentioned earlier. This allows them to travel between trees and cover distances of up to 150 feet.

Do flying squirrels live in urban areas?

While flying squirrels are more commonly found in forests, they are known to adapt to urban areas with plenty of trees, such as parks and wooded neighborhoods.


In conclusion, the flying squirrel is a unique and fascinating creature with several distinct physical characteristics. Its large, membrane-like skin between its fore and hind limbs allows it to glide gracefully through the air, giving it a distinctive appearance.

The flying squirrel also has large, dark eyes for excellent night vision, which are often striking to see in its small, furry face. Its soft, dense fur helps to keep it warm and camouflaged in its forest habitat. Overall, the flying squirrel is a remarkable animal with a look that is both charming and well-adapted to its arboreal lifestyle.

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